Bite wounds are a common injury in dogs. Some bites are serious, causing damages to tissues under the skin. Bites may also crush the airway or pierce the abdominal or thoracic cavities, resulting in life-threatening injuries. Aggressive behavior and biting has many causes, such as:
· Supremacy problems in the pack
· Attention from the owner
· Defending another dog
· Shielding a puppy
What to Do If Your Dog is Bitten?
Small wounds that heal fast can still cause internal damage or infection. If your dog has been in a battle with some other animal, it’s vital that you get in touch with a veterinarian. Some situations call for urgent emergency care, such as wounds that do not stop bleeding, fatigue, limping, moaning and weeping, or blue gums. If you see any of these signals, take them to the veterinarian right away.
Treatment of Canine Bite Wounds
Treatment for bite wounds depends on the part of the injured body and the severity of the bite. Bite wounds are generally painful and the veterinarian can take pain relief drugs. Wounds have the greatest chance of healing without complications if they are treated within 12 hours of injury. Some bite wounds can require sedation or anesthesia. The skin wound can need to be enlarged by surgery to allow the underlying tissues to be examined.
Antibiotics are very useful in the treatment of infection, but most bite wounds become infected even though the patient has antibiotics. This is because of the infected nature of the injury. Bacterial culture and sensitivity can be used to classify the primary bacterial agent involved and to help choose the best antibiotic. This test is also reserved for bite wounds that do not respond to the initial antibiotic treatment.
Preventing Bite Wounds
Keep your dog on the leash when you’re outside, particularly when you’re in the park. Do not allow your dog to wander freely outside your backyard. If your backyard isn’t fenced, you’re not going to let the dog run free in your own yard. Also if you’re out walking your dog and you see another dog running free, don’t get to the other dog. Even if your dog is gentle and polite, you don’t know the behavior of the other dog. In addition, well-mannered dogs are less likely to fight; thus, simple obedience training is suggested.
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